The sleep problems of 1,004 people (50.4 % of them female) were surveyed online and classified according to the International Classification of Sleep Disorders (ICSD-3). ICSD-3 is the standard classification used for the diagnosis of sleep disorders in sleep laboratories, medical sleep clinics and research institutions worldwide. The result: about 8% of Austrians suffer from chronic insomnia. "If you interpret the criteria less strictly than ICSD-3 and then evaluate the data, you end up with a further 8.9% with symptoms of chronic insomnia," Seidel points out. And: "Only one in two people with pathological sleep problems has sought professional help, which indicates an urgent need for better screening and education in the population."
Better education needed – help is available
The online survey was conducted in 2017. Daytime functioning had to be "much" to "very much" affected for a finding of chronic insomnia, or "somewhat" for symptoms of chronic insomnia. Sleep disturbances were classified as chronic insomnia symptoms (broad definition) in 8.9% and as chronic insomnia (strict definition) in 7.8% of people.
However, only 26% of the participants with chronic insomnia symptoms and only 53% of those with chronic insomnia reported having already actively sought help for their problems. "These low rates of active help-seeking in both groups warrant more attention to public health initiatives regarding patient education and early treatment of insomnia," says Schernhammer. At MedUni Vienna, people seeking help are supported by the interdisciplinary expertise of the neurological sleep laboratory and the outpatient sleep clinic, working closely with neuropsychology.
Service: Sleep Epidemiology
Help-seeking behavior of young and middle-aged Austrians with chronic insomnia: Results from the 2017 national sleep survey. Stefan Seidel, Gerhard Klösch, Anna Kosheleva, Kyriaki Papantoniou, Lin Yang, Jürgen Degenfellner, Jakob Weitzer, Eva Schernhammer.
Recommended reading: "Sleep", Stefan Seidel, MANZ Verlag Vienna in collaboration with MedUni Vienna, 176 pages, July 2020, ISBN: 978-3-214-18548-0; 23.90 EUR. Link to the book in MANZ online shop: bit.ly/3dBU36i